1. A guide to plant cell organelles

Many plant cell organelles are also found in animal cells. In what follows, I’ll focus on the parts unique to plants, and list the name and function of those organelles shared by both kingdoms. For an overview of animal cells, see the previous tutorial.

plant_cell_numbered

The cell wall

Part 1 is the cell wall. Cell walls are composed of cellulose, or plant fiber. This polysaccharide provides plant cells with strength and rigidity. The cellulose in cell walls is what makes up wood and cotton. In a more processed form, it’s what makes up paper.

The Central Vacuole

Part 4 is the central vacuole. It’s a storage organelle, storing water, dissolved substances, and wastes. It also maintains the correct water pressure inside the cell, allowing the cell’s cytoplasm and membrane to push against the cell wall, keeping the plant’s various parts (leaves, stems, etc) rigid and firm.

Chloroplast

Part 10 is the chloroplast. Chloroplasts carry out photosynthesis, using the sun’s energy to combine water and carbon dioxide to make carbohydrates. Oxygen is a by-product of this reaction.

Like mitochondria, chloroplasts are practically cells in their own right. They are the descendants of once free-living prokaryotic cells that took up residence within an ancient eukaryotic cell, which then evolved into the ancestor of modern day plants.

Parts shared by both animal and plant cells

  • 2: cell membrane
  • 3: cytoplasm
  • 5: mitochondrion
  • 6. Golgi apparatus
  • 7. Endoplasmic reticulum
  • 8. Chromosome
  • 9. Nucleus

2. Matching: Labeling plant cell parts and functions

[qwiz style = “width: 668px; border: 3px solid black; ” qrecord_id=”sciencemusicvideosMeister1961-Plant Cell Matching (M7)”]

[h] Interactive Diagrams: Plant Cell Parts Matching

[i]

[q labels = “top”]

 

[l]cell membrane

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]cell wall

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]central vacuole

[fx] No, that’s not correct.  Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]chloroplast

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]chromosome

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Good!

[l]cytoplasm

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[l]Endoplasmic reticulum

[fx] No, that’s not correct.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]Golgi complex

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]mitochondrion

[fx] No.  Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]nucleus

[fx] No, that’s not correct.  Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[q labels = “top”]

 

[l]makes ATP

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Good!

[l]rigidity and strength

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Good!

[l]photosynthesis

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[l]made of DNA

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]makes proteins for export

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[l]gel-like fluid; chemical reactions

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]stores water and other substances

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]holds chromosomes

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Excellent!

[l]protein packaging and distribution

[fx] No. Please try again.

[f*] Great!

[l]gatekeeper

[fx] No, that’s not correct. Please try again.

[f*] Correct!

[/qwiz]

3. Quiz Plant Cell Parts

[qwiz random = “true”; style = “border: 3px solid black; ” qrecord_id=”sciencemusicvideosMeister1961-Plant Cells (AP)MC”]

[h] Quiz: Plant Cell Parts
[i] Here’s how the quiz works:

  • Each question is multiple choice, but the entire quiz is like a series of flashcards.
  • If you get the question right, it comes off the deck.
  • If you get the question wrong, it goes to the bottom of the deck, so you can try it again.

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the cytoplasm?

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Cg==[Qq]

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Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the cell membrane?

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Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the endoplasmic reticulum (E.R.)?

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Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a chloroplast?

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Cg==[Qq]

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Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing toward the cell wall?

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Cg==[Qq]

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Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the nucleus?

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Cg==[Qq]

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[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUaGUgbnVjbGV1cyBpcyBhIHNwaGVyaWNhbCByZWdpb24gZGVlcCBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGwuIFRvIGZpbmQgdGhlIG51Y2xldXMsIGZpcnN0IGZpbmQgdGhlIGNocm9tb3NvbWVzLCBhbmQgdGhlbiBzZWxlY3QgdGhlIHNwaGVyaWNhbCByZWdpb24gb3V0c2lkZS4=[Qq]

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[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuIFRoZSBudWNsZXVzIGlzIGEgc3BoZXJpY2FsIHJlZ2lvbiBkZWVwIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbC4gVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgZmlyc3QgZmluZCB0aGUgY2hyb21vc29tZXMsIGFuZCB0aGVuIHNlbGVjdCB0aGUgc3BoZXJpY2FsIHJlZ2lvbiBvdXRzaWRlLg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the central vacuole?

[c]IDIgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDQgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEw

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuIFRoZSB2YWN1b2xlIGlzIHRoZSBodWdlLCBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCByZWdpb24gaW4gdGhlIGNlbnRlciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCw=wqAgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLg==[Qq]

[f]IEF3ZXNvbWUhLiBOdW1iZXIgNCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbGFyZ2UsIGNlbnRyYWwgdmFjdW9sZSwgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUaGUgdmFjdW9sZSBpcyB0aGUgaHVnZSwgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgcmVnaW9uIGluIHRoZSBjZW50ZXIgb2YgdGhlIGNlbGwswqAgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vdCBxdWl0ZS4gTnVtYmVyIDggaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gb25lIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjaHJvbW9zb21lcywgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGhlcmVkaXRhcnkgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24uIFRoZSB2YWN1b2xlIGlzIHRoZSBodWdlLCBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCByZWdpb24gaW4gdGhlIGNlbnRlciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCw=wqAgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuIFRoZSB2YWN1b2xlIGlzIHRoZSBodWdlLCBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCByZWdpb24gaW4gdGhlIGNlbnRlciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCw=wqAgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a mitochondrion?

[c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEwIMKgIMKgwqA=[Qq][c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]ID U=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUaGUgbWl0b2Nob25kcmlvbiBpcyBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIHR3byBvcmdhbmVsbGVzIHRoYXQgbG9vayBzb21ld2hhdCBsaWtlIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxscyBsaXZpbmcgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLiBUaGUgbWl0b2Nob25kcmlhIHNlcnZlIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBlbmVyZ3kgZmFjdG9yaWVzLCBhbmQgZG9u4oCZdCBoYXZlIHRoZSBncmVlbiBwaWdtZW50IGNobG9yb3BoeWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLiBUaGUgbWl0b2Nob25kcmlhIGFyZSBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIHR3byBvcmdhbmVsbGVzIHRoYXQgbG9vayBzb21ld2hhdCBsaWtlIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxscyBsaXZpbmcgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLiBUaGUgbWl0b2Nob25kcmlhIHNlcnZlIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBlbmVyZ3kgZmFjdG9yaWVzLCBhbmQgZG9u4oCZdCBoYXZlIHRoZSBncmVlbiBwaWdtZW50IGNobG9yb3BoeWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuIFRoZSBtaXRvY2hvbmRyaWEgYXJlIG9uZSBvZiB0aGUgdHdvIG9yZ2FuZWxsZXMgdGhhdCBsb29rIHNvbWV3aGF0IGxpa2UgYmFjdGVyaWFsIGNlbGxzIGxpdmluZyBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIHBsYW50IGNlbGwuIFRoZSBtaXRvY2hvbmRyaWEgc2VydmUgYXMgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGVuZXJneSBmYWN0b3JpZXMsIGFuZCBkb27igJl0IGhhdmUgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwu[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbGFyZ2UsIGNlbnRyYWwgdmFjdW9sZSwgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLiBUaGUgbWl0b2Nob25kcmlhIGFyZSBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIHR3byBvcmdhbmVsbGVzIHRoYXQgbG9vayBzb21ld2hhdCBsaWtlIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxscyBsaXZpbmcgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLiBUaGUgbWl0b2Nob25kcmlhIHNlcnZlIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBlbmVyZ3kgZmFjdG9yaWVzLCBhbmQgZG9u4oCZdCBoYXZlIHRoZSBncmVlbiBwaWdtZW50IGNobG9yb3BoeWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]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

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the Golgi apparatus (also referred to as the Golgi complex or Golgi body)?

[c]IDYgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEwIMKgIMKgwqA=[Qq][c]IDI=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5pY2UgSm9iISBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUaGUgR29sZ2kgcmVjZWl2ZXMgdGhlc2UgcHJvdGVpbnMgZnJvbSB0aGUgcm91Z2ggZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtLCBhbmQgdGhlbiBwYXNzZXMgdGhlbSBvbiB0byBvcmdhbmVsbGVzIHN1Y2ggYXMgbHlzb3NvbWVzLCBvciB0byB0aGUgbWVtYnJhbmUgZm9yIGV4cG9ydCBmcm9tIHRoZSBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDcgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSwgd2hpY2ggbWFudWZhY3R1cmVzIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIHByb3RlaW5zLCBwcm90ZWlucyBmb3IgZXhwb3J0LCBhbmQgbGlwaWRzLiBUaGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzIGlzIGEgc3RhY2sgb2YgZmxhdHRlbmVkIHNhY3MgbG9jYXRlZCBpbiB0aGUgcmVnaW9uIGJldHdlZW4gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSBhbmQgdGhlIG1lbWJyYW5lLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLiBUaGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzIGlzIGEgc3RhY2sgb2YgZmxhdHRlbmVkIHNhY3MgbG9jYXRlZCBpbiB0aGUgcmVnaW9uIGJldHdlZW4gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSBhbmQgdGhlIG1lbWJyYW5lLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuIFRoZSBHb2xnaSBhcHBhcmF0dXMgaXMgYSBzdGFjayBvZiBmbGF0dGVuZWQgc2FjcyBsb2NhdGVkIGluIHRoZSByZWdpb24gYmV0d2VlbiB0aGUgZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtIGFuZCB0aGUgbWVtYnJhbmUu[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuIFRoZSBHb2xnaSBhcHBhcmF0dXMgaXMgYSBzdGFjayBvZiBmbGF0dGVuZWQgc2FjcyBsb2NhdGVkIGluIHRoZSByZWdpb24gYmV0d2VlbiB0aGUgZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtIGFuZCB0aGUgbWVtYnJhbmUu

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a chromosome?

[c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDI=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDQgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGxhcmdlLCBjZW50cmFsIHZhY3VvbGUsIHdoaWNoIHN0b3JlcyB3YXRlciwgaW9ucywgYW5kIGhlbHBzIHRoZSBjZWxsIG1haW50YWluIGl0cyBzaGFwZS4gVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgY2hyb21vc29tZXMsIHdoaWNoIHN0b3JlIGdlbmV0aWMgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24sIGxvb2sgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBudWNsZXVzLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUbyBmaW5kIHRoZSBjaHJvbW9zb21lcywgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmUgZ2VuZXRpYyBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbiwgbG9vayBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG51Y2xldXMu[Qq]

[f]IEZhYnVsb3VzISBOdW1iZXIgOCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNocm9tb3NvbWVzLCB3aGljaCBzdG9yZSB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgaGVyZWRpdGFyeSBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbi4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vIChidXQgeW91ciBhbnN3ZXIgaXMgdmVyeSBjbG9zZSB0byBiZWluZyBjb3JyZWN0KS4gTnVtYmVyIDkgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIG51Y2xldXMsIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjb250cm9sIGNlbnRlci4gVGhlIGNocm9tb3NvbWVzIGFyZSBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIG51Y2xldXMu[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDIgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGwgbWVtYnJhbmUsIHdoaWNoIGZ1bmN0aW9ucyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgc2VsZWN0aXZlbHkgcGVybWVhYmxlIGJvdW5kYXJ5LiBUbyBmaW5kIHRoZSBjaHJvbW9zb21lcywgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmUgZ2VuZXRpYyBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbiwgbG9vayBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG51Y2xldXMu

Cg==

Jm5ic3A7

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing the clear fluid that serves as the site for many of the cell’s chemical reactions?

[c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEwIMKgIMKgwqA=[Qq][c]IDMgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDY=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLiBZb3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgYSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQgZGVmaW5lcyB0aGXCoGVudGlyZSByZWdpb24gb2YgY2VsbHVsYXIgbWF0ZXJpYWwgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZS4=[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuwqBZb3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgYSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQgZGVmaW5lcyB0aGXCoGVudGlyZSByZWdpb24gb2YgY2VsbHVsYXIgbWF0ZXJpYWwgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZS4=[Qq]

[f]IEZhbnRhc3RpYyEgTnVtYmVyIDMgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGN5dG9wbGFzbSwgdGhlIHNpdGUgb2YgbWFueSBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCYjODIxNztzIGNoZW1pY2FsIHJlYWN0aW9ucy4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vdCBxdWl0ZS4gTnVtYmVyIDQgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGxhcmdlLCBjZW50cmFsIHZhY3VvbGUsIHdoaWNoIHN0b3JlcyB3YXRlciwgaW9ucywgYW5kIGhlbHBzIHRoZSBjZWxsIG1haW50YWluIGl0cyBzaGFwZS7CoFlvdSYjODIxNztyZSBsb29raW5nIGZvciBhIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBkZWZpbmVzIHRoZcKgZW50aXJlIHJlZ2lvbiBvZiBjZWxsdWxhciBtYXRlcmlhbCBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIG1lbWJyYW5lLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLsKgWW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9yIGEgcGFydCB0aGF0IGRlZmluZXMgdGhlwqBlbnRpcmUgcmVnaW9uIG9mIGNlbGx1bGFyIG1hdGVyaWFsIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgbWVtYnJhbmUu

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the selectively permeable boundary that controls what enters and leaves the cell?

[c]IDIgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEw

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IEV4YWN0bHkuIE51bWJlciB0d28gaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGwgbWVtYnJhbmUsIHdoaWNoIGZ1bmN0aW9ucyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgc2VsZWN0aXZlbHkgcGVybWVhYmxlIGJvdW5kYXJ5Lg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgcGxhbnQgY2VsbOKAmXMgbGFyZ2UsIGNlbnRyYWwgdmFjdW9sZSwgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLsKgWW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9yIHRoZSBwYXJ0IGp1c3Qgb3V0c2lkZSBvZiB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLCB3aGljaCBjb250cm9scyB3aGF0IGNhbiBlbnRlciB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtIGFuZCB3aGF0IGNhbiBsZWF2ZSBpdC4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLsKgWW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9yIHRoZSBwYXJ0IGp1c3Qgb3V0c2lkZSBvZiB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLCB3aGljaCBjb250cm9scyB3aGF0IGNhbiBlbnRlciB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtIGFuZCB3aGF0IGNhbiBsZWF2ZSBpdC4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vdCBxdWl0ZS4gTnVtYmVyIDggaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gb25lIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjaHJvbW9zb21lcywgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGhlcmVkaXRhcnkgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24uwqBZb3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgdGhlIHBhcnQganVzdCBvdXRzaWRlIG9mIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc20sIHdoaWNoIGNvbnRyb2xzIHdoYXQgY2FuIGVudGVyIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc20gYW5kIHdoYXQgY2FuIGxlYXZlIGl0Lg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuwqBZb3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgdGhlIHBhcnQganVzdCBvdXRzaWRlIG9mIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc20sIHdoaWNoIGNvbnRyb2xzIHdoYXQgY2FuIGVudGVyIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc20gYW5kIHdoYXQgY2FuIGxlYXZlIGl0Lg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part which manufactures membrane-bound proteins, proteins for export, and lipids?

[c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDM=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDQgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGxhcmdlLCBjZW50cmFsIHZhY3VvbGUsIHdoaWNoIHN0b3JlcyB3YXRlciwgaW9ucywgYW5kIGhlbHBzIHRoZSBjZWxsIG1haW50YWluIGl0cyBzaGFwZS4gVGhlIHBhcnQgeW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9yIGlzwqBhIG5ldHdvcmsgb2YgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgY2hhbm5lbHMgaW4tYmV0d2VlbiB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cyBhbmQgdGhlIEdvbGdpIGJvZHku[Qq]

[f]IFBlcmZlY3QhIE51bWJlciA3IGlzIHBvaW50aW5nIHRvIHRoZSBlbmRvcGxhc21pYyByZXRpY3VsdW0sIHdoaWNoIG1hbnVmYWN0dXJlcyBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCBwcm90ZWlucywgcHJvdGVpbnMgZm9yIGV4cG9ydCwgYW5kIGxpcGlkcy4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vdCBxdWl0ZS4gTnVtYmVyIDggaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gb25lIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjaHJvbW9zb21lcywgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGhlcmVkaXRhcnkgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24uIFRoZSBwYXJ0IHlvdSYjODIxNztyZSBsb29raW5nIGZvciBpc8KgYSBuZXR3b3JrIG9mIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIGNoYW5uZWxzIGluLWJldHdlZW4gdGhlIG51Y2xldXMgYW5kIHRoZSBHb2xnaSBib2R5Lg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuwqBUaGUgcGFydCB5b3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgaXPCoGEgbmV0d29yayBvZiBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCBjaGFubmVscyBpbi1iZXR3ZWVuIHRoZSBudWNsZXVzIGFuZCB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYm9keS4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDMgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGN5dG9wbGFzbS4gVGhlIGN5dG9wbGFzbSBpcyB0aGUgZmx1aWQgaW50ZXJpb3Igb2YgdGhlIGNlbGwsIGFuZCB0aGUgc2l0ZSBvZiBtdWNoIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBtZXRhYm9saXNtLsKgVGhlIHBhcnQgeW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9yIGlzwqBhIG5ldHdvcmsgb2YgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgY2hhbm5lbHMgaW4tYmV0d2VlbiB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cyBhbmQgdGhlIEdvbGdpIGJvZHku

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part which performs photosynthesis?

[c]IDEgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDMgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDUgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]ID Ew

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiA=TnVtYmVyIDEgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGwgd2FsbC4gVGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBwZXJmb3JtcyBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpc8KgbG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLiBUaGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtIGlzIHRoZSBmbHVpZCBpbnRlcmlvciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCwgYW5kIHRoZSBzaXRlIG9mIG11Y2ggb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG1ldGFib2xpc20uwqA=VGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBwZXJmb3JtcyBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpc8KgbG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBhIG1pdG9jaG9uZHJpb24sIHdoaWNoIHNlcnZlcyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgZW5lcmd5IGZhY3RvcnkuVGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBwZXJmb3JtcyBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpc8KgbG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtLCB3aGljaCBtYW51ZmFjdHVyZXMgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgcHJvdGVpbnMsIHByb3RlaW5zIGZvciBleHBvcnQsIGFuZCBsaXBpZHMuwqA=VGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBwZXJmb3JtcyBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpc8KgbG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IEV4Y2VsbGVudC4gTnVtYmVyIDEwIGlzIHBvaW50aW5nIHRvIGEgY2hsb3JvcGxhc3QuIENobG9yb3BsYXN0cyBjYXJyeSBvdXQgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMgZm9yIHBsYW50IGNlbGxzLCBUaGV5IGxvb2sgbGlrZSB0aW55IGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxscyBiZWNhdXNlLCB0aGV5IG9uY2UgbGl2ZWQgaW5kZXBlbmRlbnRseSBhcyBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXRpYyBiYWN0ZXJpYS4gTm93LCB0aGV5IGxpdmUgaW5zaWRlIHBsYW50IGNlbGxzLiBJZiB5b3Ugd2FudCB0byBwdXJzdWUgdGhpcyBpZGVhLCByZXNlYXJjaCB0aGUgaWRlYSBvZiBlbmRvc3ltYmlvc2lzLCBwcm9tb3RlZCBieSBQcm9mZXNzb3IgTHlubiBNYXJndWxpcy4=

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing toward the the part that provides plant cells with strength and rigidity?

[c]IDUgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDM=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBhIG1pdG9jaG9uZHJpb24sIHdoaWNoIHNlcnZlcyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgZW5lcmd5IGZhY3RvcnkuIFRoZSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQgcHJvdmlkZXMgcGxhbnQgY2VsbHMgd2l0aCBzdHJlbmd0aCBhbmQgcmlnaWRpdHnCoGlzIHRoZSBvdXRlciBib3VuZGFyeSBvZiBhIHBsYW50IGNlbGwu[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtLCB3aGljaCBtYW51ZmFjdHVyZXMgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgcHJvdGVpbnMsIHByb3RlaW5zIGZvciBleHBvcnQsIGFuZCBsaXBpZHMuwqBUaGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IHByb3ZpZGVzIHBsYW50IGNlbGxzIHdpdGggc3RyZW5ndGggYW5kIHJpZ2lkaXR5wqBpcyB0aGUgb3V0ZXIgYm91bmRhcnkgb2YgYSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLiBUaGUgY2VsbCB3YWxsIGlzIHRoZSBvdXRlciBib3VuZGFyeSBvZiBhIHBsYW50IGNlbGwuwqBUaGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IHByb3ZpZGVzIHBsYW50IGNlbGxzIHdpdGggc3RyZW5ndGggYW5kIHJpZ2lkaXR5wqBpcyB0aGUgb3V0ZXIgYm91bmRhcnkgb2YgYSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIHJpZ2h0LiBOdW1iZXIgMSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCB3YWxsLiBJdHMgbWFpbiBmdW5jdGlvbiBpcyBwcm92aWRpbmcgcGxhbnQgY2VsbOKAmXMgd2l0aCBzdHJlbmd0aCBhbmQgcmlnaWRpdHksIGFuZCB0aGUgbWFpbiBjb21wb25lbnQgaXMgY2VsbHVsb3NlLCBhIHBvbHlzYWNjaGFyaWRlLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLiBUaGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtIGlzIHRoZSBmbHVpZCBpbnRlcmlvciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCwgYW5kIHRoZSBzaXRlIG9mIG11Y2ggb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG1ldGFib2xpc20uwqBUaGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IHByb3ZpZGVzIHBsYW50IGNlbGxzIHdpdGggc3RyZW5ndGggYW5kIHJpZ2lkaXR5wqBpcyB0aGUgb3V0ZXIgYm91bmRhcnkgb2YgYSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the cell’s control center?

[c]IDIgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDI=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuIFRoZSBjZWxsJiM4MjE3O3MgY29udHJvbCBjZW50ZXIgaXMgYcKgc3BoZXJpY2FsIHJlZ2lvbiBkZWVwIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbC4gQW5vdGhlciBoaW50IGlzIHRoYXQgdGhpcyBpcyB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IGhvbGRzIHRoZSBjZWxsJiM4MjE3O3MgY2hyb21vc29tZXMu[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbGFyZ2UsIGNlbnRyYWwgdmFjdW9sZSwgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLsKgVGhlIGNlbGwmIzgyMTc7cyBjb250cm9sIGNlbnRlciBpcyBhwqBzcGhlcmljYWwgcmVnaW9uIGRlZXAgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBjZWxsLiBBbm90aGVyIGhpbnQgaXMgdGhhdCB0aGlzIGlzIHRoZSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQgaG9sZHMgdGhlIGNlbGwmIzgyMTc7cyBjaHJvbW9zb21lcy4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLsKgVGhlIGNlbGwmIzgyMTc7cyBjb250cm9sIGNlbnRlciBpcyBhwqBzcGhlcmljYWwgcmVnaW9uIGRlZXAgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBjZWxsLiBBbm90aGVyIGhpbnQgaXMgdGhhdCB0aGlzIGlzIHRoZSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQgaG9sZHMgdGhlIGNlbGwmIzgyMTc7cyBjaHJvbW9zb21lcy4=[Qq]

[f]IEV4YWN0bHkuIE51bWJlciA5IGlzIHBvaW50aW5nIHRvIHRoZSBudWNsZXVzLCB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgY29udHJvbCBjZW50ZXIu[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuwqBUaGUgY2VsbCYjODIxNztzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyIGlzIGHCoHNwaGVyaWNhbCByZWdpb24gZGVlcCBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGwuIEFub3RoZXIgaGludCBpcyB0aGF0IHRoaXMgaXMgdGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBob2xkcyB0aGUgY2VsbCYjODIxNztzIGNocm9tb3NvbWVzLg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part that stores water, ions, and helps the cell maintain its shape?

[c]IDIgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDQgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEw

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuIFRoZSBzdG9yYWdlIG9yZ2FuZWxsZSB0aGF0IHlvdSYjODIxNztyZSBsb29raW5nIGZvcsKgaXMgYcKgaHVnZSwgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgcmVnaW9uIGluIHRoZSBjZW50ZXIgb2YgdGhlIGNlbGwu[Qq]

[f]IEF3ZXNvbWUhLiBOdW1iZXIgNCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbGFyZ2UsIGNlbnRyYWwgdmFjdW9sZSwgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLsKgVGhlIHN0b3JhZ2Ugb3JnYW5lbGxlIHRoYXQgeW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9ywqBpcyBhwqBodWdlLCBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCByZWdpb24gaW4gdGhlIGNlbnRlciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbC4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vdCBxdWl0ZS4gTnVtYmVyIDggaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gb25lIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjaHJvbW9zb21lcywgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGhlcmVkaXRhcnkgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24uwqBUaGUgc3RvcmFnZSBvcmdhbmVsbGUgdGhhdCB5b3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3LCoGlzIGHCoGh1Z2UsIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIHJlZ2lvbiBpbiB0aGUgY2VudGVyIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuwqBUaGUgc3RvcmFnZSBvcmdhbmVsbGUgdGhhdCB5b3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3LCoGlzIGHCoGh1Z2UsIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIHJlZ2lvbiBpbiB0aGUgY2VudGVyIG9mIHRoZSBjZWxsLg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to one of the cell’s “energy factories,” a part that can create the energy molecule ATP from sugar?

[c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEwIMKgIMKgwqA=[Qq][c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]ID U=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUaGUgY2VsbHVsYXIgZW5lcmd5IGZhY3RvcmllcyB0aGF0IHlvdSYjODIxNztyZSBsb29raW5nIGZvciBpcyBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIHR3byBvcmdhbmVsbGVzIHRoYXQgbG9vayBzb21ld2hhdCBsaWtlIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxscyBsaXZpbmcgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLsKgVGhlIGNlbGx1bGFyIGVuZXJneSBmYWN0b3JpZXMgdGhhdCB5b3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgaXMgb25lIG9mIHRoZSB0d28gb3JnYW5lbGxlcyB0aGF0IGxvb2sgc29tZXdoYXQgbGlrZSBiYWN0ZXJpYWwgY2VsbHMgbGl2aW5nIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgcGxhbnQgY2VsbC4=[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuIFRoZSBjZWxsdWxhciBlbmVyZ3kgZmFjdG9yaWVzIHRoYXQgeW91JiM4MjE3O3JlIGxvb2tpbmcgZm9yIGlzIG9uZSBvZiB0aGUgdHdvIG9yZ2FuZWxsZXMgdGhhdCBsb29rIHNvbWV3aGF0IGxpa2UgYmFjdGVyaWFsIGNlbGxzIGxpdmluZyBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIHBsYW50IGNlbGwu[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbGFyZ2UsIGNlbnRyYWwgdmFjdW9sZSwgd2hpY2ggc3RvcmVzIHdhdGVyLCBpb25zLCBhbmQgaGVscHMgdGhlIGNlbGwgbWFpbnRhaW4gaXRzIHNoYXBlLsKgVGhlIGNlbGx1bGFyIGVuZXJneSBmYWN0b3JpZXMgdGhhdCB5b3UmIzgyMTc7cmUgbG9va2luZyBmb3IgaXMgb25lIG9mIHRoZSB0d28gb3JnYW5lbGxlcyB0aGF0IGxvb2sgc29tZXdoYXQgbGlrZSBiYWN0ZXJpYWwgY2VsbHMgbGl2aW5nIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgcGxhbnQgY2VsbC4=[Qq]

[f]IFRlcnJpZmljLCBOdW1iZXIgNSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBhIG1pdG9jaG9uZHJpb24sIHdoaWNoIHNlcnZlcyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgZW5lcmd5IGZhY3Rvcnku

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part responsible for packaging and sorting proteins?

[c]IDYgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEwIMKgIMKgwqA=[Qq][c]IDI=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5pY2UgSm9iISBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLiBUaGUgR29sZ2kgcmVjZWl2ZXMgdGhlc2UgcHJvdGVpbnMgZnJvbSB0aGUgcm91Z2ggZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtLCBhbmQgdGhlbiBwYXNzZXMgdGhlbSBvbiB0byBvcmdhbmVsbGVzIHN1Y2ggYXMgbHlzb3NvbWVzLCBvciB0byB0aGUgbWVtYnJhbmUgZm9yIGV4cG9ydCBmcm9tIHRoZSBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDcgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSwgd2hpY2ggbWFudWZhY3R1cmVzIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIHByb3RlaW5zLCBwcm90ZWlucyBmb3IgZXhwb3J0LCBhbmQgbGlwaWRzLiBUaGUgcGFydCByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHRoZXNlIHByb3RlaW5zIGxvb2tzIGxpa2UgYcKgc3RhY2sgb2YgZmxhdHRlbmVkIHNhY3MgbG9jYXRlZCBpbiB0aGUgcmVnaW9uIGJldHdlZW4gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSBhbmQgdGhlIG1lbWJyYW5lLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLsKgVGhlIHBhcnQgcmVzcG9uc2libGUgZm9yIHBhY2thZ2luZyBhbmQgc29ydGluZyBwcm90ZWlucyBsb29rcyBsaWtlIGHCoHN0YWNrIG9mIGZsYXR0ZW5lZCBzYWNzIGxvY2F0ZWQgaW4gdGhlIHJlZ2lvbiBiZXR3ZWVuIHRoZSBlbmRvcGxhc21pYyByZXRpY3VsdW0gYW5kIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZS4=[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMTAgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gYSBjaGxvcm9wbGFzdCwgd2hpY2ggcGVyZm9ybXMgcGhvdG9zeW50aGVzaXMuwqBUaGUgcGFydCByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zIGxvb2tzIGxpa2UgYcKgc3RhY2sgb2YgZmxhdHRlbmVkIHNhY3MgbG9jYXRlZCBpbiB0aGUgcmVnaW9uIGJldHdlZW4gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSBhbmQgdGhlIG1lbWJyYW5lLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgMiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCBtZW1icmFuZSwgd2hpY2ggZnVuY3Rpb25zIGFzIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBzZWxlY3RpdmVseSBwZXJtZWFibGUgYm91bmRhcnkuwqBUaGUgcGFydCByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zIGxvb2tzIGxpa2UgYcKgc3RhY2sgb2YgZmxhdHRlbmVkIHNhY3MgbG9jYXRlZCBpbiB0aGUgcmVnaW9uIGJldHdlZW4gdGhlIGVuZG9wbGFzbWljIHJldGljdWx1bSBhbmQgdGhlIG1lbWJyYW5lLg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing the part that stores genetic information?

[c]IDQgwqAgwqA=[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDI=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDQgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGxhcmdlLCBjZW50cmFsIHZhY3VvbGUsIHdoaWNoIHN0b3JlcyB3YXRlciwgaW9ucywgYW5kIGhlbHBzIHRoZSBjZWxsIG1haW50YWluIGl0cyBzaGFwZS4gVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IHN0b3Jlc8KgZ2VuZXRpYyBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbiwgbG9vayBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG51Y2xldXMu[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLsKgVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IHN0b3Jlc8KgZ2VuZXRpYyBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbiwgbG9vayBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG51Y2xldXMu[Qq]

[f]IEZhYnVsb3VzISBOdW1iZXIgOCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNocm9tb3NvbWVzLCB3aGljaCBzdG9yZSB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgaGVyZWRpdGFyeSBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbi4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vIChidXQgeW91ciBhbnN3ZXIgaXMgdmVyeSBjbG9zZSB0byBiZWluZyBjb3JyZWN0KS4gTnVtYmVyIDkgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIG51Y2xldXMsIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjb250cm9sIGNlbnRlci7CoFRvIGZpbmQgdGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBzdG9yZXPCoGdlbmV0aWMgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24sIGxvb2sgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBudWNsZXVzLg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDIgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGwgbWVtYnJhbmUsIHdoaWNoIGZ1bmN0aW9ucyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgc2VsZWN0aXZlbHkgcGVybWVhYmxlIGJvdW5kYXJ5LsKgVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0IHN0b3Jlc8KgZ2VuZXRpYyBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbiwgbG9vayBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG51Y2xldXMu

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing toward the the part that’s made of cellulose?

[c]IDUgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDEgwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDM=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBhIG1pdG9jaG9uZHJpb24sIHdoaWNoIHNlcnZlcyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgZW5lcmd5IGZhY3RvcnkuIFRoZSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyBtYWRlIG9mIGNlbGx1bG9zZSBpcyB0aGUgb3V0ZXIgYm91bmRhcnkgb2YgYSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtLCB3aGljaCBtYW51ZmFjdHVyZXMgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgcHJvdGVpbnMsIHByb3RlaW5zIGZvciBleHBvcnQsIGFuZCBsaXBpZHMuwqBUaGUgcGFydCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgbWFkZSBvZiBjZWxsdWxvc2UgaXMgdGhlIG91dGVyIGJvdW5kYXJ5IG9mIGEgcGxhbnQgY2VsbC4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgOSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNvbnRyb2wgY2VudGVyLiBUaGUgY2VsbCB3YWxsIGlzIHRoZSBvdXRlciBib3VuZGFyeSBvZiBhIHBsYW50IGNlbGwuIFRoZSBwYXJ0IHRoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyBtYWRlIG9mIGNlbGx1bG9zZSBpcyB0aGUgb3V0ZXIgYm91bmRhcnkgb2YgYSBwbGFudCBjZWxsLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIHJpZ2h0LiBOdW1iZXIgMSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY2VsbCB3YWxsLiBJdHMgbWFpbiBmdW5jdGlvbiBpcyBwcm92aWRpbmcgcGxhbnQgY2VsbOKAmXMgd2l0aCBzdHJlbmd0aCBhbmQgcmlnaWRpdHksIGFuZCB0aGUgbWFpbiBjb21wb25lbnQgaXMgY2VsbHVsb3NlLCBhIHBvbHlzYWNjaGFyaWRlLg==[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLiBUaGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtIGlzIHRoZSBmbHVpZCBpbnRlcmlvciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCwgYW5kIHRoZSBzaXRlIG9mIG11Y2ggb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG1ldGFib2xpc20uwqBUaGUgcGFydCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgbWFkZSBvZiBjZWxsdWxvc2UgaXMgdGhlIG91dGVyIGJvdW5kYXJ5IG9mIGEgcGxhbnQgY2VsbC4=

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to a the part that’s mostly made of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)?

[c]IDQgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDYgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDggwqAg wqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDkgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDI=

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDQgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGxhcmdlLCBjZW50cmFsIHZhY3VvbGUsIHdoaWNoIHN0b3JlcyB3YXRlciwgaW9ucywgYW5kIGhlbHBzIHRoZSBjZWxsIG1haW50YWluIGl0cyBzaGFwZS4gVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgbW9zdGx5IG1hZGUgb2YgRE5BLCBsb29rIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbnVjbGV1cy4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNiBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgR29sZ2kgYXBwYXJhdHVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXNwb25zaWJsZSBmb3IgcGFja2FnaW5nIGFuZCBzb3J0aW5nIHByb3RlaW5zLsKgVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgbW9zdGx5IG1hZGUgb2YgRE5BLCBsb29rIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbnVjbGV1cy4=[Qq]

[f]IEZhYnVsb3VzISBOdW1iZXIgOCBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBvbmUgb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIGNocm9tb3NvbWVzLCB3aGljaCBzdG9yZSB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgaGVyZWRpdGFyeSBpbmZvcm1hdGlvbiBpbiB0aGUgZm9ybSBvZiBETkEu[Qq]

[f]IE5vIChidXQgeW91ciBhbnN3ZXIgaXMgdmVyeSBjbG9zZSB0byBiZWluZyBjb3JyZWN0KS4gTnVtYmVyIDkgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIG51Y2xldXMsIHRoZSBjZWxs4oCZcyBjb250cm9sIGNlbnRlci4gVGhlIHBhcnRzIHRoYXQgYXJlIG1hZGUgbW9zdGx5IG9mIEROQcKgYXJlIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cy4=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGF04oCZcyBub3QgY29ycmVjdC4gTnVtYmVyIDIgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGwgbWVtYnJhbmUsIHdoaWNoIGZ1bmN0aW9ucyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgc2VsZWN0aXZlbHkgcGVybWVhYmxlIGJvdW5kYXJ5LsKgVG8gZmluZCB0aGUgcGFydCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgbW9zdGx5IG1hZGUgb2YgRE5BLCBsb29rIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgbnVjbGV1cy4=

Cg==

[Qq]

[q] In the diagram of the plant cell shown below, which number is pointing to the part which creates glucose (C6H12O6)

[c]IDEgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDMgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDUgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]IDcgwqAgwqDCoA==[Qq][c]ID Ew

Cg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiA=TnVtYmVyIDEgaXMgcG9pbnRpbmcgdG8gdGhlIGNlbGwgd2FsbC4gVGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBjcmVhdGVzIGdsdWNvc2XCoA==bG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgMyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLiBUaGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtIGlzIHRoZSBmbHVpZCBpbnRlcmlvciBvZiB0aGUgY2VsbCwgYW5kIHRoZSBzaXRlIG9mIG11Y2ggb2YgdGhlIGNlbGzigJlzIG1ldGFib2xpc20uwqA=VGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBjcmVhdGVzIGdsdWNvc2XCoA==bG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBOdW1iZXIgNSBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byBhIG1pdG9jaG9uZHJpb24sIHdoaWNoIHNlcnZlcyBhcyB0aGUgY2VsbOKAmXMgZW5lcmd5IGZhY3RvcnkuwqA=VGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBjcmVhdGVzIGdsdWNvc2XCoA==bG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IFRoYXTigJlzIG5vdCBjb3JyZWN0LiBOdW1iZXIgNyBpcyBwb2ludGluZyB0byB0aGUgZW5kb3BsYXNtaWMgcmV0aWN1bHVtLCB3aGljaCBtYW51ZmFjdHVyZXMgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgcHJvdGVpbnMsIHByb3RlaW5zIGZvciBleHBvcnQsIGFuZCBsaXBpZHMuwqA=VGhlIHBhcnQgdGhhdCBjcmVhdGVzIGdsdWNvc2XCoA==bG9va3MgbGlrZSBhIGJhY3RlcmlhbCBjZWxsLiBJdCYjODIxNztzIGFsc28gZ3JlZW4sIGJlY2F1c2UgaXQgY29udGFpbnMgdGhlIGdyZWVuIHBpZ21lbnQgY2hsb3JvcGh5bGwgKHdoaWNoIGl0wqB1c2VzIGZvciBwaG90b3N5bnRoZXNpcyku[Qq]

[f]IEV4Y2VsbGVudC4gTnVtYmVyIDEwIGlzIHBvaW50aW5nIHRvIGEgY2hsb3JvcGxhc3QsIHdoaWNoIHN5bnRoZXNpemVzIGdsdWNvc2UgZHVyaW5nIHBob3Rvc3ludGhlc2lzLg==[Qq]

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[/qwiz]

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