[qwiz quiz_timer=”true” qrecord_id=”sciencemusicvideosMeister1961-Photosynthesis Click-On Challenge” dataset=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset” dataset_intro=”false” spaced_repetition=”false”]

[h] Quiz 1: Photosynthesis Click-On Challenge

[i] Note the timer in the top right. The goal is speed and accuracy. A good strategy is to take your time the first time through, carefully looking at the feedback statements. Then work at increasing your speed.

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|7a5b16b2e984″ question_number=”1″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The two phases of photosynthesis

water

Excellent: “2” is water.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: This is the input of matter for the light reactions.
A stack of thylakoids carrying out the light reactions

Nice. “I” represents the a stack of thylakoids carrying out the light reactions.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Find a thylakoid that’s carrying out a variety of reactions, powered by light.
Thylakoid sacs that aren’t being stimulated by light.

Way to go!

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The thylakoids are disk-like structures, stacked on top of each other. Find the ones that ARE NOT being stimulated by light. 
The stroma

Good. The stroma is like the cytoplasm of the chloroplast.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: It’s everything inside the membrane, and outside of the thylakoids.
Oxygen

Good job. “3” represents oxygen.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Oxygen is the waste product of the light reactions. 
NADPH (assume “4” is ATP)

Nice! If 4 is ATP, then “5” is NADPH.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: ATP (4) is one of the products of the light reactions. This is the other one.

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|734c52a7c984″ question_number=”2″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The two phases of photosynthesis

Carbon dioxide

Terrific. “6” is carbon dioxide.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Carbon dioxide is the outside input for the Calvin cycle. 
Carbohydrate

Nice! “7” represents carbohydrate.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Carbohydrate is what the Calvin cycle produces . 
Inorganic phosphate

Way to go! “10” is inorganic phosphate.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: “4” is ATP, and 9 is ADP.
The Calvin Cycle

Yes! “II” is the Calvin cycle

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: It’s the cycle that converts carbon dioxide (at “6”) into carbohydrates (at “7.”)
ATP (assume 9 is ADP)

Good! “4” is ATP.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: ATP is one of the products of the light reactions (at “I”) and it’s made from ADP and phosphate (“9” and “10”).
Oxygen

Nice! “3” is oxygen.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Oxygen is a waste output of the light reactions, which are at “I.”

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|6ba3e38be184″ question_number=”3″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The two phases of photosynthesis

Carbon fixation

Yes! The Calvin cycle does carbon fixation.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for a process that takes carbon dioxide and makes it into carbohydrate.
Light-powered
ATP
Creation

Nice. The light reactions create ATP, in a process powered by light

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: In what process is ATP being created?
Light-powered creation of ATP and NADPH.

Excellent. The light reactions use light to create ATP (and NADPH)

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: You’re looking for the light reactions.

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|5bb25e1f9d84″ question_number=”4″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis” show_hotspots=””] The Z-scheme (processes, parts)

Photosystem II’s antenna complex

Excellent. Letter “a” is the antenna complex for photosystem II.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The antenna complex traps light…and remember that PS II comes before PS I.
Oxidation of water

Nice job. The oxidation o f water is shown at letter “d.”

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The oxidation of water is what supplies electrons to photosynthesis.
Photophosphorylation of ADP to ATP

Nice! Photophosphorylation (light-powered creation of ATP) is shown below letter “f.”

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Photophosphorylation is the light-powered creation of ATP, and it happens in Photosystem II.
Antenna complex for Photosystem I

Way to go! Letter “o” represents Photosystem I’s antenna complex.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: This is what absorbs light energy into photosystem I (which comes after Photosystem II)
Light-powered creation of NADPH.

Awesome. Letter “K” shows NADP+ getting reduced to NADPH

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: This happens at the end of Photosystem I.

Reduction of an electron carrier that’s used in the Calvin Cycle.

Excellent! “L” shows reduction of NADP+ to NADPH.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME. This is a process that’s connected to Photosystem 1.

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|56341211ad84″ question_number=”5″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The Z-scheme (flows)

Light-powered electron boosting in PS II.

Excellent. The arrow above “c” shows electron boosting in PSII.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The circle with an e represents and electron, and PSII comes first.
Light-powered electron boosting in PS I.

Nice job. The yellow arrow above “p” represents electron boosting in PS I.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The circle with an e represents and electron, and PS I comes second.
PS II’s electron transport chain

Good job. Letter “f” represents the electron transport chain of PS II. 

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: PS II comes first, and the symbol e represents an electron.
PS I’s electron transport chain.

Good work! Letter “J” represents the electron transport chain of PS I. 

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: PS I comes second, and the symbol e represents an electron. 

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|49b2a6341184″ question_number=”6″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] Thylakoid close-up

Stroma

Excellent. The solution outside of the thylakoid is the stroma.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The stroma is the solution outside of the thylakoid. It’s like the matrix of a mitochondrion, or the cytoplasm of the cell.
The region with the lowest pH

Nice! The thylakoid space has the lowest pH

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: The area with the highest concentration of protons will have the lowest pH.
DDD

 

 
Channel and Enzyme that makes ATP.

Great job. ATP Synthase is a channel and an enzyme that makes ATP.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Find a channel that’s letting protons flow from high to low concentration. That’s what powers ATP synthesis at the ATP synthase channel.
The part that converts light to electricity

Awesome. You’ve clicked on a photosystem’s antenna complex.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for a photosystem. It contains the green pigment chlorophyll.

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|406972c7bd84″ question_number=”7″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The Calvin Cycle (phases)

Carbon fixation  phase

Excellent. Area “I” is the carbon fixation phase

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Find the phase where an enzyme combines CO2 with a 5 carbon molecule.
Energy investment and harvest phase

Nice. Area “II” represents energy investment and harvest

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for a phase where ATP and NADPH are energizing 3-carbon molecules, one of which leaves the cycle.
Regeneration of RuBP Phase

Way to go. Phase III represents regeneration of RuBP.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: RuBP is a 5-carbon molecule. To get 3 RuBPs a chloroplast needs to rearrange 5  G3Ps (a 3-carbon molecule).

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|37ef777dad84″ question_number=”8″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The Calvin Cycle (molecules)

Carbon dioxide

Nice! Letter “a” represents carbon dioxide.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Carbon dioxide has one carbon and two oxygens. Use the legend on the top left to find it.
G3P (glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate)

Fabulous. Letter “D” represents G3P.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for a 3 carbon molecule that gets harvested from (leaves) the cycle.
RuBP (Ribulose Bisphosphate)

Nice! Letter “f” represents RuBP

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for a 5 carbon molecule that’s made by recombining 3-carbon molecules.

[q json=”true” xx=”2″ dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|295b31090184″ question_number=”9″ hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] The Calvin Cycle (enzymes and products)

The enzyme that carries out carbon fixation

Excellent! Rubisco (the large enzyme in the right side of phase I) is the enzyme that carries out carbon fixation.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for what looks like a large, complex protein.
The immediate product of carbon fixation.

Awesome. The molecule at “b” is the immediate product of carbon fixation.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Carbon dioxide (“a”) gets combined with RubP (“f”). What results?
What plant cells harvest from the Calvin Cycle

Good! Plant cells harvest G3P, the 3-carbon molecule at “d.”

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Look for a 3 carbon molecule that’s been energized by ATP and NADH.

[q json=”true” hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|37921f2da1666″ question_number=”10″ unit=”3.Cellular_Energetics” topic=”3.5.Photosynthesis”] Light Reactions: Key Components

Photosystem II

Terrific.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Photosystem II comes BEFORE Photosystem I.
A proton pump.

Outstanding! “C” is a proton pump.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Protons are getting pumped from low concentration in the stroma to high concentration in the thylakoid space.
Photosystem I

Nice Going. Letter “e” represents Photosystem I.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: Photosystem I is the second photosystem. It powers reduction of NADP+ to NADPH.
ATP Synthase

Great! Letters “i” and “h” represent ATP synthase.

HINT FOR NEXT TIME: This enzyme is also a channel that lets protons diffuse from the thylakoid space to the stroma. This diffusion powers ATP synthesis.

[q json=”true” hotspot_user_interaction=”label_prompt” dataset_id=”Photosynthesis Click-On Dataset|3244b819674c5″ question_number=”11″] Light Reactions: Products