[qwiz random = “true” quiz_timer=”true” style=”width: 550px !important; min-height: 400px !important;”]

[h] Cell Communication and Signal Transduction: Cumulative Quiz

[i] Biohaiku

Communication

Signals bind to receptors

Inducing changes

[q] In the process shown below, bacteria wait until their density is high enough for them to successfully build a sticky matrix called a [hangman] (shown in orange below). The way that they communicate about their density is called [hangman] [hangman].

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[c]IHF1b3J1bQ==[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IHNlbnNpbmc=[Qq]

[f]IEdyZWF0IQ==[Qq]

[q] In the diagram below, which number shows a signaling molecule that hasn’t yet bound to a receptor?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID I=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number shows a ligand-receptor complex?

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[c]ID U=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number shows the product of gene activation?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number or letter shows a receptor for the mating factor secreted by the α (alpha) cell?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID E=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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[q] The diagram below illustrates how [hangman] [hangman] works. If the [hangman]  (at “2”) is at low density, then most of the [hangman] (at “3”) will remain unbound, and no cellular response will result. However, when there are a lot of signaling molecules, then they will bind with the receptor. In this case, the result is the activation of  [hangman] that change cellular activities.

[c]IHF1b3J1bQ==[Qq]

[f]IEV4Y2VsbGVudCE=[Qq]

[c]IHNlbnNpbmc=[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IGxpZ2FuZA==[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IHJlY2VwdG9ycw==[Qq]

[f]IEV4Y2VsbGVudCE=[Qq]

[c]IGdlbmVz[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[q] The diagram below shows two plant cells. In terms of cell communication, the key structure is number

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID M=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, a macrophage is displaying a molecule from a pathogen to a helper T cell. This type of cell communication is based on the specific shape of the T-cell receptor, which is represented by which letter?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IG Y=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number or letter indicates a signaling molecule?

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number or letter indicates a neurotransmitter?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IG M=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number or letter indicates the synapse?

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[c]ID I=[Qq]

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[q] In some signaling systems, cells signal themselves. In the diagram below, this is represented by

[textentry single_char=”true”]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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[q] In the diagram below, which number represents a type of signaling that involves the release of a hormone from a gland that can influence cells throughout the body?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID Q=[Qq]

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[q dataset_id=”SMV_Cell Signalling and Epinephrine action (cell communication)|63fb62bbc1fff” question_number=”2″] Which number could be the receptor?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID I=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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Cg==[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3Mgbm90IGNvcnJlY3Qu
Cg==[Qq]

[q] In the diagram below, I represents [hangman], II represents [hangman], and III represents [hangman].

[c]IHJlY2VwdGlvbg==[Qq]

[f]IEdyZWF0IQ==[Qq]

[c]IHRyYW5zZHVjdGlvbg==[Qq]

[f]IEdvb2Qh[Qq]

[c]IHJlc3BvbnNl[Qq]

[f]IEdyZWF0IQ==[Qq]

[q dataset_id=”SMV_Cell Signalling and Epinephrine action (cell communication)|63d35e2f633ff” question_number=”9″] In the diagram below, “1” represents epinephrine. Which number represents glycogen, the polysaccharide that gets broken down to glucose after the liver receives the epinephrine signal?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID M=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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Cg==

[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|63a6fc0cb8fff” question_number=”1″] Which number represents the signal binding site?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID E=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|63a174707b7ff” question_number=”2″] Which number represents the receptor segment that interacts with the G-Protein?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID M=[Qq]

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[c]ICo=[Qq]

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Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” multiple_choice=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|6394f0b091fff” question_number=”4″] Which roman numeral shows the phase in which a ligand is binding with a receptor?

[c]IEk=[Qq]

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[c]IE lJ[Qq]

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[c]IElJSQ==[Qq]

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[c]IElW[Qq]

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Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” multiple_choice=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|638e898fdefff” question_number=”5″] Which roman numeral shows the phase in which the G protein is becoming activated as it replaces its GDP with a GTP?

[c]IEk=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiDigJxJ4oCdIHJlcHJlc2VudHMgdGhlIHBoYXNlIHdoZXJlIHRoZSBHIHByb3RlaW4gaXMgYm91bmQgdG8gR0RQIChtZWFuaW5nIHRoYXQgdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbiBpcyBpbiBhbiBpbmFjdGl2ZSBmb3JtKS4=[Qq]

[c]IE lJ[Qq]

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[c]IElJSQ==[Qq]

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[c]IElW[Qq]

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Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” multiple_choice=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|6385a92289bff” question_number=”6″] Which roman numeral shows the phase in which an activated G protein is activating a membrane-bound enzyme?

[c]IEk=[Qq]

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[c]IElJ[Qq]

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[c]IElJ SQ==[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4gJiM4MjIwO0lJSSYjODIyMTsgc2hvd3MgdGhlIGxpZ2FuZCBkaXNzb2NpYXRpbmcgZnJvbSB0aGUgcmVjZXB0b3IgYW5kIGFuIGFjdGl2YXRlZCBHIHByb3RlaW4gYmluZGluZyB3aXRoIGEgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgZW56eW1lLg==[Qq]

[c]IElW[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiAmIzgyMjA7SVYmIzgyMjE7IHNob3dzIHRoZSBHIHByb3RlaW4gcmV2ZXJ0aW5nIHRvIGl0cyBpbmFjdGl2ZSBmb3JtIGFzIGl0IGNvbnZlcnRzIGl0cyBHVFAgdG8gR0RQLiBXaGVyZSBkbyB5b3Ugc2VlIGFuIGFjdGl2YXRlZCBHIHByb3RlaW4gaW50ZXJhY3Rpbmcgd2l0aCBhIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIGVuenltZT8=
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” multiple_choice=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|637fb1c4117ff” question_number=”7″] Which roman numeral shows the phase in which a G protein is reverting back to its inactive form, and in which cellular responses stop occurring.

[c]IEk=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiDigJxJ4oCdIHJlcHJlc2VudHMgdGhlIHBoYXNlIHdoZXJlIHRoZSBHIHByb3RlaW4gaXMgYm91bmQgdG8gR0RQIChtZWFuaW5nIHRoYXQgdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbiBpcyBpbiBhbiBpbmFjdGl2ZSBmb3JtKS4gVGhpcyBxdWVzdGlvbiBpcyBhc2tpbmcgeW91IGhvdyB0aGUgRyBwcm90ZWluIGJlY2FtZSBkZWFjdGl2YXRlZCwgd2l0aCBhbiBhdHRhY2hlZCBHVFAgYmVjb21pbmcgY29udmVydGVkIHRvIEdEUC4=[Qq]

[c]IElJ[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiAmIzgyMjA7SUkmIzgyMjE7IHJlcHJlc2VudHMgdGhlIHBoYXNlIHdoZXJlIGEgbGlnYW5kIChhIGhvcm1vbmUgc3VjaCBhcyBlcGluZXBocmluZSwgZm9yIGV4YW1wbGUpIGlzIGJpbmRpbmcgd2l0aCB0aGUgcmVjZXB0b3IuIFRoaXMgY2hhbmdlcyBhIHNlZ21lbnQgb24gdGhlIHJlY2VwdG9yLCB3aGljaCBpbiB0dXJuIG1vZGlmaWVzIHRoZSBHIHByb3RlaW4sIGNhdXNpbmcgaXQgdG8gcmVwbGFjZSBHRFAgd2l0aCBHVFAuIFRoaXMgcXVlc3Rpb24gaXMgYXNraW5nIHlvdSBob3cgdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbiBiZWNvbWVzIGRlYWN0aXZhdGVkLCB3aXRoIGl0cyBhdHRhY2hlZCBHVFAgYmVpbmcgY29udmVydGVkIHRvIEdEUC4=[Qq]

[c]IElJSQ==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiAmIzgyMjA7SUlJJiM4MjIxOyBzaG93cyB0aGUgbGlnYW5kIGRpc3NvY2lhdGluZyBmcm9tIHRoZSByZWNlcHRvciBhbmQgYW4gYWN0aXZhdGVkIEcgcHJvdGVpbiBiaW5kaW5nIHdpdGggYSBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCBlbnp5bWUuIFRoaXMgcXVlc3Rpb24gaXMgYXNraW5nIHlvdSBob3cgdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbiBiZWNvbWVzIA==ZGVhY3RpdmF0ZWQ=LCB3aXRoIGl0cyBhdHRhY2hlZCBHVFAgYmVpbmcgY29udmVydGVkIHRvIEdEUC4=[Qq]

[c]IE lW[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4gJiM4MjIwO0lWJiM4MjIxOyBzaG93cyB0aGUgRyBwcm90ZWluIHJldmVydGluZyB0byBpdHMgaW5hY3RpdmUgZm9ybSBhcyBpdCBjb252ZXJ0cyBpdHMgR1RQIHRvIEdEUC4=

Cg==

Y29tbXVuaWNhdGlvbil8NjM2MjcxZWViMTNmZiYjODIyMTsgcXVlc3Rpb25fbnVtYmVyPSYjODIyMTsxMiYjODI0MztdIEluIHRoZSBzZXJpZXMgb2YgZGlhZ3JhbXMgYmVsb3csIHdoaWNoIG51bWJlciByZXByZXNlbnRzIGEgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgZW56eW1lIHRoYXQsIHdoZW4gYWN0aXZhdGVkLCBjYW4gaW5pdGlhdGUgYSBjZWxsdWxhciByZXNwb25zZT8=
Cg==
[Qq] [textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID Q=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNOKAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIGEgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgZW56eW1lLiBXaGVuIHRoaXMgZW56eW1lIGJlY29tZXMgYWN0aXZhdGVkLCBpdCBjYW4sIGluIHR1cm4sIGFjdGl2YXRlIG90aGVyIG1vbGVjdWxlcyB3aGljaCBjYW4gYnJpbmcgYWJvdXQgYSBjZWxsdWxhciByZXNwb25zZS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBMb29rIGZvciBzb21ldGhpbmcgdGhhdCYjODIxNztzIGJvdW5kIHRvIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZSB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3Mgbm90IGEgcmVjZXB0b3Igb3IgYSBHIHByb3RlaW4u
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|635c9fd0f73ff” question_number=”13″] In the series of diagrams below, which number represents GTP?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID k=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcOeKAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIEdUUC4gV2hlbiBHVFAgYmluZHMgdG8gdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbiwgdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbiBiZWNvbWVzIGFjdGl2YXRlZCwgYWxsb3dpbmcgaXQgdG8gaW50ZXJhY3Qgd2l0aCBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCBlbnp5bWVzIHRoYXQgY2FuLCBpbiB0dXJuLCBpbml0aWF0ZSB0aGUgY2VsbHVsYXIgcmVzcG9uc2Uu[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBHVFAgaXMgYW4gYWN0aXZhdGVkIGZvcm0gb2YgR0RQLiBJbiB0aGlzIHN5c3RlbSwgYm90aCBjYW4gYmUgZm91bmQgYm91bmQgdG8gdGhlIEcgcHJvdGVpbi4gU28sIGxvb2sgZm9yIHNvbWV0aGluZyB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgYm91bmQgdG8gYSBHIHByb3RlaW4sIGFuZCB3aGljaCBpcyByZXByZXNlbnRlZCBhcyBiZWluZyBpbiBhIGhpZ2gtZW5lcmd5IHN0YXRlLg==
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|63565df1027ff” question_number=”14″] In the series of diagrams below, which number represents the cytoplasmic response to the binding of a ligand?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID U=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNeKAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc21pYyByZXNwb25zZSB0byB0aGUgYmluZGluZyBvZiBhIGxpZ2FuZC4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBUaGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtaWMgcmVzcG9uc2UgY29tZXMgYWJvdXQgYXMgYSByZXN1bHQgb2YgYWN0aXZpdGllcyBieSBtZW1icmFuZS1ib3VuZCBlbnp5bWVzIHRoYXQgaGF2ZSBiZWVuIGFjdGl2YXRlZCBieSB0aGUgRyBwcm90ZWluICh3aGljaCB3YXMgYWN0aXZhdGVkIGJ5IHRoZSByZWNlcHRvciwgd2hpY2ggd2FzIGFjdGl2YXRlZCBieSB0aGUgbGlnYW5kKS4gU3R1ZHkgdGhlIGRpYWdyYW0sIGFuZCBmaW5kIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc21pYyByZXNwb25zZSB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3MgYXQgdGhlIGVuZCBvZiB0aGlzIGNoYWluLg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Reception (cell communication)|6339689d1ebff” question_number=”19″] If the diagram below were about mobilization of glucose from glycogen storing liver cells, then number 8 would be the hormone [hangman]

[c]IGVwaW5lcGhyaW5l[Qq]

[f]IEdvb2Qh

Cg==

[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Signal Transduction (Cell Communication)|6311ae923c7ff” question_number=”1″] In the diagram below, which number represents the ligand?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID E=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcMeKAnSBpcyB0aGUgbGlnYW5kLCB0aGUgbW9sZWN1bGUgdGhhdCBiaW5kcyB3aXRoIGEgcmVjZXB0b3IgdG8gc2V0IG9mZiBhIGNlbGx1bGFyIHJlc3BvbnNlLg==[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBBIGxpZ2FuZCBpcyBhIG1vbGVjdWxlIHRoYXQgYmluZHMgdG8gYW5vdGhlciAodXN1YWxseSBsYXJnZXIpIG1vbGVjdWxlLiBJbiB0aGlzIGRpYWdyYW0sIHdoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyBhYm91dCB0byBiaW5kIHdpdGggc29tZXRoaW5nIGxhcmdlcj8=
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Signal Transduction (Cell Communication)|6300f27cc5bff” question_number=”4″] In the diagram below, which number represents adenylyl cyclase (the enzyme that converts ATP to cyclic AMP)?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID U=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNeKAnSBpcyBhZGVueWx5bCBjeWNsYXNlLg==[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBBZGVueWx5bCBjeWNsYXNlIGlzIGEgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgZW56eW1lIHRoYXQgY29udmVydHMgQVRQIHRvIGN5Y2xpYyBBTVAuIFdoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyB0aGUgb25seSBwYXJ0IG9mIHRoZSBzeXN0ZW0gYWJvdmUgdGhhdCBsb29rcyBsaWtlIGEgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgZW56eW1lIHRoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyBjb252ZXJ0aW5nIG9uZSB0aGluZyBpbnRvIGFub3RoZXIgdGhpbmc/
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Signal Transduction (Cell Communication)|62f69d8801fff” question_number=”5″] In the diagram below, which number represents the second messenger cAMP?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID c=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcN+KAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIGNBTVAgKGN5Y2xpYyBBTVApIGEgc2Vjb25kIG1lc3Nlbmdlci4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBDeWNsaWMgQU1QIGlzIHRoZSBzZWNvbmQgbWVzc2VuZ2VyLiBJdCB0YWtlcyB0aGUgaW5pdGlhbCBzaWduYWwgKGZyb20gdGhlIGxpZ2FuZCwgc2hvd24gYXQgJiM4MjIwOzEmIzgyMjE7KSBhbmQgdHJhbnNtaXRzIGl0IGludG8gdGhlIGN5dG9wbGFzbS4gV2hpY2ggcGFydCBvZiB0aGUgc3lzdGVtIGFib3ZlIGlzIHNlbmRpbmcgaW5mb3JtYXRpb24gZm9yd2FyZCBmcm9tIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZSBpbnRvIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc20/[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Signal Transduction (Cell Communication)|62ebb390453ff” question_number=”7″] If the diagram below were about a liver cell being stimulated by the hormone epinephrine to produce glucose from glycogen, which number would represent epinephrine?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID E=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcMeKAnSBpcyBlcGluZXBocmluZSwgdGhlIHNpZ25hbCB0aGF0IGJyaW5ncyBhYm91dCB0aGUgY2hhbmdlcyB0aGF0IGxlYWQgdGhpcyBsaXZlciBjZWxsIHRvIGNvbnZlcnQgaXRzIGdseWNvZ2VuIHN0b3JlcyBpbnRvIGdsdWNvc2Uu[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBJZiBlcGluZXBocmluZSBpcyB0aGUgc2lnbmFsIHRoYXQgaXMgcmVjZWl2ZWQgYnkgdGhlIGNlbGwsIHdoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyB0aGUgb25seSBwYXJ0IG9mIHRoZSBzeXN0ZW0gYWJvdmUgdGhhdCBjb3VsZCByZXByZXNlbnQgdGhpcyBzaWduYWw/
Cg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Signal Transduction (Cell Communication)|62e0c998887ff” question_number=”9″] In the diagram below, what number represents cyclic AMP (cAMP)?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID Q=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNOKAnSBpcyBjeWNsaWMgQU1QLCB0aGUgc2Vjb25kIG1lc3NlbmdlciBpbiBtYW55IHNpZ25hbCB0cmFuc2R1Y3Rpb24gc3lzdGVtcy4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBDeWNsaWMgQU1QLCB0aGUgc2Vjb25kIG1lc3NlbmdlciBpbiBtYW55IGNlbGwgY29tbXVuaWNhdGlvbiBzeXN0ZW1zLCBpcyBtYWRlIGZyb20gQVRQIChhZGVub3NpbmUgdHJpcGhvc3BoYXRlKS4gU28gZmluZCBBVFAgKHdpdGggdGhyZWUgcGhvc3BoYXRlcykgYW5kIGZvbGxvdyB0aGUgZGlhZ3JhbSB0byBmaW5kIGNBTVAu
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Signal Transduction (Cell Communication)|62db41fc4afff” question_number=”10″] In the diagram below, what number represents adenylyl cyclase?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID I=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcMuKAnSBpcyBhZGVueWwgY3ljbGFzZSwgdGhlIGVuenltZSB0aGF0IGNyZWF0ZXMgdGhlIHNlY29uZCBtZXNzZW5nZXIgY3ljbGljIEFNUCBmcm9tIGl0cyBwcmVjdXJzb3IsIEFUUC4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBGaW5kIHRoZSBlbnp5bWUgdGhhdCBjb252ZXJ0cyBBVFAgKHdpdGggdGhyZWUgcGhvc3BoYXRlcykgdG8gY3ljbGljIEFNUC4=
Cg==

Cg==

WyEhIQ==XSsrK0tJTkFTRSwgUGhvc3Bob3J5bGF0aW9uIGNhc2NhZGUgcXVlc3Rpb25zKysrKysr[Qq][/!!!!]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|62ba5ed4567ff” question_number=”2″] In the diagram below, which number represents a phosphorylated protein?


[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID M=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcM+KAnSBpcyBhIHByb3RlaW4gdGhhdCBoYXMgYmVlbiBwaG9zcGhvcnlsYXRlZCBieSBhIHByb3RlaW4ga2luYXNlIChzaG93biBhdCAmIzgyMjA7MSYjODIyMTspLiBZb3UgY2FuIHRlbGwgaXQmIzgyMTc7cyBiZWVuIHBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGVkIGJlY2F1c2Ugb2YgdGhlIGF0dGFjaGVkIHBob3NwaGF0ZSBncm91cCAodGhlICYjODIyMDtQJiM4MjIxOyBpbnNpZGUgYSB5ZWxsb3cgY2lyY2xlKS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBZb3UgY2FuIHRlbGwgaWYgYSBwcm90ZWluIGhhcyBiZWVuIHBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGVkIGlmIGl0IGhhcyBhIHBob3NwaGF0ZSBncm91cCBhdHRhY2hlZC4gVGFrZSBhIGdvb2QgbG9vayBhdCB0aGUgZGlhZ3JhbSBhYm92ZSwgYW5kIGZpbmQgdGhlIHBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGVkIHByb3RlaW4u
Cg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|62ac668cfe7ff” question_number=”4″] In the diagram below, which letter represents cyclic AMP?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IG E=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4gVGhlIGxldHRlciDigJxh4oCdIHJlcHJlc2VudHMgY3ljbGljIEFNUC4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBDeWNsaWMgQU1QIGlzIHRoZSBzZWNvbmQgbWVzc2VuZ2VyIHRoYXQgbW92ZXMgdGhlIHNpZ25hbCBmcm9tIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZSBpbnRvIHRoZSBjeXRvcGxhc20uIEluIHRoZSBkaWFncmFtIGFib3ZlLCB3aGljaCBpcyB0aGUgb25seSBtb2xlY3VsZSB0aGF0IGNvdWxkIGJlIHBsYXlpbmcgdGhhdCByb2xlPw==
Cg==[Qq]

[q] In the diagram below, which letter represents the inactive form of the first protein in this phosphorylation cascade?

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|62a02d4e917ff” question_number=”6″] In the diagram below, which letter represents the active form of protein kinase d?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IG c=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4gTGV0dGVyIOKAnGfigJ0gcmVwcmVzZW50cyB0aGUgYWN0aXZlIGZvcm0gb2YgcHJvdGVpbiBraW5hc2UgZC4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]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
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|6299c62dde7ff” question_number=”7″] In the diagram below, which letter represents the enzyme that converts the phosphorylated kinases into their inactive forms?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IG g=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcaOKAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIHRoZSBlbnp5bWUgKGEgcHJvdGVpbiBwaG9zcGhhdGFzZSkgdGhhdCB0cmFuc2Zvcm1zIHBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGVkIGtpbmFzZXMgKHN1Y2ggYXMgdGhvc2UgYXQgJiM4MjIwO2csJiM4MjIxOyBhbmQgJiM4MjIwO2ssJiM4MjIxOyB0byB0aGVpciB1bnBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGVkIGZvcm1zIChzdWNoIGFzIHRob3NlIGF0ICYjODIyMDtkJiM4MjIxOyBhbmQgJiM4MjIwO2ouJiM4MjIxOyk=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]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
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|6287e01275bff” question_number=”10″] Phosphorylation cascades like the one shown below need to be quickly activated, and also quickly deactivated. Which letter indicates a protein phosphatase, the enzyme that takes activated, phosphorylated molecules and deactivates them by removing a phosphate group?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IG g=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcaOKAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIGEgcHJvdGVpbiBwaG9zcGhhdGFzZSwgdGhlIGRlYWN0aXZhdGluZyBlbnp5bWUgaW4gdGhpcyBwaG9zcGhvcnlsYXRpb24gY2FzY2FkZS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBTZWUgaWYgeW91IGNhbiBmaW5kIGEgbGV0dGVyIHRoYXQgcmVwcmVzZW50cyBhbiBlbnp5bWUgdGhhdCB3b3VsZCBjb252ZXJ0IGEgcGhvc3Bob3J5bGF0ZWQga2luYXNlIHN1Y2ggYXMgJiM4MjIwO2cmIzgyMjE7IGJhY2sgaW50byBpdHMgdW5waG9zcGhvcnlsYXRlZCBmb3JtIGF0ICYjODIyMDtkLiYjODIyMTsgVGhlIHNhbWUgZW56eW1lIGlzIGF0IHdvcmsgYmV0d2VlbiAmIzgyMjA7ayYjODIyMTsgYW5kICYjODIyMDtqJiM4MjIxOyBvciAmIzgyMjA7bSYjODIyMTsgYW5kICYjODIyMDtsLiYjODIyMTs=
Cg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|627564f413fff” question_number=”13″] Assume the diagram below represents how the hormone epinephrine stimulates liver cells to release glucose. Which number would represent adenylyl cyclase?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID M=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcM+KAnSB3b3VsZCByZXByZXNlbnQgYWRlbnlseWwgY3ljbGFzZS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBJbiB0aGUgc2NlbmFyaW8gZGVzY3JpYmVkIGFib3ZlLCBhZGVueWx5bCBjeWNsYXNlIGlzIGEgbWVtYnJhbmUtYm91bmQgZW56eW1lIHRoYXQgYWN0aXZhdGVzIHRoZSBzZWNvbmQgbWVzc2VuZ2VyIGNBTVAuIExvb2tpbmcgYXQgdGhlIGRpYWdyYW0sIHdoYXQmIzgyMTc7cyB0aGUgb25seSBjb21wb25lbnQgaW4gdGhpcyBzeXN0ZW0gdGhhdCBjb3VsZCBiZSBhIG1lbWJyYW5lLWJvdW5kIGVuenltZT8=
Cg==

Cg==

[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|6265d2e48f3ff” question_number=”15″] Assume the diagram below represents how the hormone epinephrine stimulates liver cells to release glucose. If “4” represents cyclic AMP, then what number would represent a phosphorylation cascade?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID U=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNeKAnSB3b3VsZCByZXByZXNlbnQgYSBwaG9zcGhvcnlsYXRpb24gY2FzY2FkZS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBBIHBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGlvbiBjYXNjYWRlIHdvdWxkIGJlIGluIGJldHdlZW4gdGhlIHNlY29uZCBtZXNzZW5nZXIgY0FNUCBhbmQgdGhlIGNlbGx1bGFyIHJlc3BvbnNlLg==[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IFNvcnJ5LCBuby4=[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|626070890ffff” question_number=”16″] In the diagram below, letters c, g, and k represent activated protein[hangman], and the sequence between “b” and “k” represents a [hangman] [hangman]. 

[c]IGtpbmFzZXM=[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IHBob3NwaG9yeWxhdGlvbg==[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IGNhc2NhZGU=[Qq]

[f]IEdvb2Qh[Qq]

 

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Kinases, Phosphorylation Cascades, Signal Amplification (cell communication)|62468984c77ff” question_number=”20″] In the diagram below, letter “a” represents [hangman] [hangman] and number 4 represents [hangman] [hangman].

[c]IGN5Y2xpYw==[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IEFNUA==[Qq]

[f]IEdyZWF0IQ==[Qq]

[c]IGFkZW55bHls[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[c]IGN5Y2xhc2U=[Qq]

[f]IEdvb2Qh[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|621e5fb7aa7ff” question_number=”3″] In the diagram below, which letter could represent a cytoplasmic receptor (before it binds with the signal)?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IE c=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcR+KAnSByZXByZXNlbnRzIGEgY3l0b3BsYXNtaWMgcmVjZXB0b3Iu[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBUaGUgc2lnbmFsIGNvbWVzIGZyb20gb3V0c2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbCwgdGhlbiBkaWZmdXNlcyB0aHJvdWdoIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZSwgdGhlbiBiaW5kcyB3aXRoIGEgY3l0b3BsYXNtaWMgcmVjZXB0b3IuIElmICYjODIyMDtGJiM4MjIxOyByZXByZXNlbnRzIHRoZSBzaWduYWwsIHRoZW4gd2hhdCBpbnNpZGUgdGhlIGNlbGwgY291bGQgcmVwcmVzZW50IGFuIGVtcHR5IHJlY2VwdG9yIHRoYXQgdGhlIHNpZ25hbCBjYW4gYmluZCB3aXRoPw==
Cg==[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IFNvcnJ5LCBuby4=[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|6217d356393ff” question_number=”4″] In the diagram below, which letter shows a receptor/hormone complex interacting with DNA?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IE k=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcSeKAnSBzaG93cyBhIHJlY2VwdG9yL2hvcm1vbmUgY29tcGxleCBpbnRlcmFjdGluZyB3aXRoIEROQS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBUaGUgc2lnbmFsIGNvbWVzIGZyb20gb3V0c2lkZSB0aGUgY2VsbCwgdGhlbiBkaWZmdXNlcyB0aHJvdWdoIHRoZSBtZW1icmFuZSwgdGhlbiBiaW5kcyB3aXRoIGEgY3l0b3BsYXNtaWMgcmVjZXB0b3IsIHdoaWNoIHRoZW4gZGlmZnVzZXMgaW50byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cyB3aGVyZSBpdCBpbnRlcmFjdHMgd2l0aCBETkEuIEZpbmQgRE5BIGluc2lkZSB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cywgZmlndXJlIG91dCB3aGF0IHRoZSByZWNlcHRvciBpcywgYW5kIHlvdSYjODIxNztsbCBoYXZlIHlvdXIgYW5zd2VyLg==[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|6200faa18bfff” question_number=”8″] In the diagram below, which letter shows a protein that’s produced as the cellular response to the steroid hormone signal?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]IE 0=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcTeKAnSBzaG93cyBhIHByb3RlaW4gdGhhdCYjODIxNztzIGJlaW5nIHN5bnRoZXNpemVkIGFzIGEgcmVzdWx0IG9mIHRoZSBob3Jtb25lIHNpZ25hbCB0aGF0IGRpZmZ1c2VkIGludG8gdGhlIGNlbGwsIHRoZW4gYm91bmQgd2l0aCBhIHJlY2VwdG9yIGFuZCBhY3RpdmF0ZWQgYSBnZW5lLCB1bHRpbWF0ZWx5IHJlc3VsdGluZyBpbiB0aGlzIHByb3RlaW4mIzgyMTc7cyB0cmFuc2xhdGlvbi4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBGb3Igc3Rlcm9pZCBob3Jtb25lcywgdGhlIGNlbGx1bGFyIHJlc3BvbnNlIGlzIHRoZSBwcm9kdWN0aW9uIG9mIGEgcHJvdGVpbi4gSWYgJiM4MjIwO0wmIzgyMjE7IHJlcHJlc2VudHMgYSByaWJvc29tZSwgdGhlIGNlbGwmIzgyMTc7cyBwcm90ZWluIGZhY3RvcnksIHRoZW4gd2hhdCBjb3VsZCByZXByZXNlbnQgYSBwcm90ZWluIHRoYXQgdGhpcyByaWJvc29tZSBpcyBzeW50aGVzaXppbmc/
Cg==[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IFNvcnJ5LCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3Mgbm90IGNvcnJlY3Qu

Cg==

[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|61ea6c6e5b3ff” question_number=”12″] The diagram below shows a hormone that would be chemically classified as a [hangman]. As a result, this hormone can diffuse across the cell [hangman], represented by “B.”

[c]IHN0ZXJvaWQ=[Qq]

[f]IEdvb2Qh[Qq]

[c]IG1lbWJyYW5l[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|61e4e4d21dbff” question_number=”13″] In the diagram below, which number or letter shows a hormone in a vesicle in a hormone secreting cell?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID E=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcMeKAnSBzaG93cyBhIGhvcm1vbmUgaW4gYSB2ZXNpY2xlIGluIGEgaG9ybW9uZS1zZWNyZXRpbmcgY2VsbC4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBWZXNpY2xlcyBhcmUgbWVtYnJhbmUtZW5jbG9zZWQgYnViYmxlcyB0aGF0IG9mdGVuIGNvbnRhaW4gYSBzdWJzdGFuY2UgdGhhdCBhIGNlbGwgaXMgYWJvdXQgdG8gZXhwb3J0LiBXaGljaCBudW1iZXIgaXMgbmVhciBzb21ldGhpbmcgdGhhdCBjb3VsZCBmaXQgdGhhdCBkZXNjcmlwdGlvbj8=[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3Mgbm90IGNvcnJlY3Qu[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|61df12b463bff” question_number=”14″] In the diagram below, which number or letter shows a signal transduction pathway?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID U=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNeKAnSBzaG93cyBhIHNpZ25hbCB0cmFuc2R1Y3Rpb24gcGF0aHdheS4=[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBUaGUgc2lnbmFsIHRyYW5zZHVjdGlvbiBwYXRod2F5IG9jY3VycyBpbiB0aGUgY3l0b3BsYXNtLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZWdpb24gJiM4MjIwO2IuJiM4MjIxOyBJbiB0aGlzIGNhc2UsIHRoZSBwYXRod2F5IGlzIHRha2luZyBhIG1lc3NhZ2UgZnJvbSB0aGUgbWVtYnJhbmUgaW50byB0aGUgbnVjbGV1cy4=[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IFNvcnJ5LCBuby4=[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|61d65787ccbff” question_number=”15″] What number or letter below shows a molecule from a signaling pathway interacting with DNA?

[textentry single_char=”true”]

[c]ID Y=[Qq]

[f]IFllcy4g4oCcNuKAnSBzaG93cyBhIHByb3RlaW4ga2luYXNlIGludGVyYWN0aW5nIHdpdGggRE5BLg==[Qq]

[c]ICo=[Qq]

[f]IE5vLiBIZXJlJiM4MjE3O3MgYSBoaW50LiBETkEgaXMgaW5zaWRlIHRoZSBudWNsZXVzLCB3aGljaCBpcyByZWdpb24gJiM4MjIwO2MuJiM4MjIxOw==[Qq]

[c]IEVudGVyIGxldHRlcg==[Qq]

[f]IE5vLCB0aGF0JiM4MjE3O3Mgbm90IGNvcnJlY3Qu[Qq]

[q json=”true” dataset_id=”SMV_Hormones and Gene Regulation (cell communication)|61d0f52c4d7ff” question_number=”16″] Because of the way the hormone is binding with a membrane receptor, we can conclude that it must be [hangman]. Therefore, it’s binding with a membrane [hangman] and requires a signal [hangman] pathway to bring about a cellular [hangman].

[c]IHBvbGFy[Qq]

[f]IEV4Y2VsbGVudCE=[Qq]

[c]IHJlY2VwdG9y[Qq]

[f]IEdyZWF0IQ==[Qq]

[c]IHRyYW5zZHVjdGlvbg==[Qq]

[f]IEdyZWF0IQ==[Qq]

[c]IHJlc3BvbnNl[Qq]

[f]IENvcnJlY3Qh[Qq]

[x]

[restart]

[/qwiz]

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